Manage Your Liver

What is Hepatitis B?


Hepatitis B is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can cause both acute and chronic disease. During the first six months, the hepatitis B infection is considered to be “acute”. If a person tests positive for HBV for more than six months, then they are diagnosed as having a chronic hepatitis B infection.

20-30% of adults who have chronic hepatitis B infection will develop cirrhosis and/or liver cancer.


And people who have hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in the blood for more than six months are consider to be hepatitis B carriers. The majority of these carriers have no symptoms, do not develop chronic hepatitis and do not require treatment.



The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is transmitted through contact with the blood, semen or other body fluids of an infected person. This can happen through sexual contact; sharing needles, syringes, or other drug-injection equipment; or from mother to baby at birth.


Signs and Symptoms

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dark urine (brown or orange)
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain
  • Jaundice (yellowing of skin or whites of eyes)



A number of blood tests are available to diagnose and monitor people with hepatitis B. They can be used to distinguish acute and chronic infections.


Liver Function Test

Liver function test measures the level of liver enzymes in the blood. In chronic hepatitis B patients, ALT (or SGPT) is the liver enzyme marker that is followed most closely. An elevated ALT level indicates that the liver might not be functioning properly and that there is a risk of liver damage.



There is no specific treatment for acute hepatitis B. Treatment for chronic hepatitis B aims to reduce the risk of liver disease. Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with medicine. These are some common choices:

  • Interferons
  • Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)

Unfortunately, in most people, treatment does not cure hepatitis B infection, but only slows down or stops the virus from multiplying. Therefore, most people who start treatment must continue for life. Also, in some people, interferon can cause a wide range of persistent and unpleasant side effects. This means that treatment may need to be withdrawn. The success rate of interferon for hepatitis B is around 20% to cure and 40% to stop liver damage.


Side Effects

Interferons have common side effects, including fever, headaches, and hair loss. They may also cause depression, difficulty breathing and chest tightness.

  • * All research and clinical data should be used as reference purposes only, results may vary.
Hep BHepatitis BHBV
Related Questions
ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase / SGPT) is an enzyme that is mainly found in liver cells. The level of ALT in our bloodstream is the primary indicator of liver health. Multiple studies have demonstrated that the presence of an elevated ALT level is associated with increased liver-related mortality.   New normal ALT level issued The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) recently issued a new Practice Guideline that aims to offer a framewor
ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase / SGPT) is an enzyme that is mainly found in liver cells. The level of ALT in our bloodstream is the primary indicator of liver health.   What does high ALT indicate? ALT enzymes are normally contained within liver cells when the liver is healthy, but when the liver cells are injured or damaged by whatever means, ALT enzymes are released into the bloodstream, causing levels to go up. Therefore, by measuring the
Hit Questions
There are various different causes of liver disease; one of these is excessive alcohol drinking which causes ‘alcoholic liver disease’. Alcohol-related liver disease is currently the most prevalent cause of advances liver diseases in Europe. [1]   What does alcohol do to your liver? It’s obvious that drinking too much alcohol can damage your liver but the exact reason behind is uncertain. However, scientists believe this is
ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase / SGPT) is a type of enzyme found in liver cells. When the liver cells are functioning normally, the ALT enzymes should be contained within the liver cells.    You can imagine each liver cells as a balloon, and the ALT enzymes are the air inside the balloon. When the balloon is damaged, the air will be released. And when the liver cells is damaged, ALT enzymes are released into the bloodstream, therefore we are able to find out the l
The liver is the second largest organ in the human body, it is located under the rib cage on the right. Its main function is to remove toxic substances from our blood. There are a number of substances that can harm our liver and damage liver cells, including: medications, alcohol, hepatitis viruses, fat, toxins such as heavy metals, etc.    Alcohol can destroy liver cells. The liver breaks down alcohol so that it can be removed from our body. The liver can become
Fatty liver (NAFLD) is becoming increasingly common in our sociality. This silent liver disease can causes chronic injury to liver cells and damaging liver function, it could also leads to fibrosis, cirrhosis and even liver cancer.   Tom, who is a business man in his mid 40s, his busy work life and poor diet has lead him to fatty liver. It started when he felt fatigue with lack of energy for a period of time, which he first thought is due to the lack of sleep. But wit
YHK Liver Therapy
Your Liver

starts here.
Have Questions?
Sumbit your question to us for profeessional answers!
Looking for help? Ask our customer support team!
Contact Us